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Washington Foreclosure Law Summary
Stop Washington Foreclosure
- Judicial Foreclosure Available: Yes
- Non-Judicial Foreclosure Available: Yes
- Primary Security Instruments: Deed of Trust, Mortgage
- Timeline: Typically 120 days
- Right of Redemption: Yes, but may be precluded.
- Deficiency Judgments Allowed: Yes
In Washington, lenders may foreclose on deeds of trusts or mortgages
in default using either a judicial or non-judicial foreclosure process.
The judicial process of foreclosure, which involves filing a lawsuit
to obtain a court order to foreclose, is used when no power of sale is present in
the mortgage or deed of trust. Generally, after the court declares a foreclosure,
the property will be auctioned off to the highest bidder.
The non-judicial process of foreclosure is used when a power of
sale clause exists in a mortgage or deed of trust. A "power of sale" clause is the
clause in a deed of trust or mortgage, in which the borrower pre-authorizes the
sale of property to pay off the balance on a loan in the event of the their default.
In deeds of trust or mortgages where a power of sale exists, the power given to
the lender to sell the property may be executed by the lender or their representative,
typically referred to as the trustee. Regulations for this type of foreclosure process
are outlined below in the "Power of Sale Foreclosure Guidelines".
Power of Sale Foreclosure Guidelines
If the deed of trust or mortgage contains a power of sale clause
and specifies the time, place and terms of sale, then the specified procedure must
be followed. Otherwise, the non-judicial power of sale foreclosure is carried out
- The notice of sale must be transmitted both by regular mail
and by certified mail, return receipt requested, to the borrower at their last
known address, and by regular mail to the attorney of record for the borrower,
if any, not less than thirty (30) days prior to the day of sale.
The sheriff must publish a notice of the sale once a week, consecutively, for
four (4) weeks, in any daily or weekly legal newspaper of of general circulation
published in the county in which the property is located. Additionally, the
sheriff must also post the notice in two public places, one of which must be
the courthouse door, in the county where the sale is to take place for a period
of not less than four weeks prior to the day of sale.
Said notice must contain the time and place of the foreclosure sale, the names
of the parties to the deed, the date of the deed, recording information, a property
description, the terms of the sale, and the borrowers rights (or lack of) redemption.
- The borrower has up to eleven (11) days before the sale stop
the foreclosure process by paying the past due payments, plus expenses, including
trustee and attorney fees.
- The sale must be made by auction between 9:00 am in the morning
and 4:00 am in the afternoon at the courthouse door on Friday unless Friday
is a legal holiday and then the sale must be held on the next following regular
business day. The sale may not be conducted less than 190 days from the date
of default and the highest bidder will receive a certificate of sale.
The sheriff may postpone the sale (not exceeding one (1) week next after the
day appointed) by giving notice and by posting written notices of the adjournment
under the notices of sale originally posted.
Unless redemption rights have been precluded, the borrower may,
within eight (8) months after the date of the sale, redeem the property by paying
the amount of the highest bid at the foreclosure, plus interest.
If the non-judicial foreclosure process is used by the lender,
then it cannot sue for a deficiency judgment. On judicial foreclosure sales, the
borrower can be sued for a deficiency, unless the property is found to be abandoned
for six (6) months before the decree of foreclosure.
on Washington foreclosure laws